The European culture went through a period of revival in the middle ages and this brought back things like international fashion which was inclusive of coiffures.
Hairstyles varied in northern and southern Europe and if the comeback of fashion stood for anything, it was the fact that coiffures very well-known at one point turned out to be demodees in the next even though the fashionable moment in the middle ages dragged on for much longer in comparison to now. Men in the 15th century still sported the bobbed style prevalent in the 12th century and smart Venetian men also put on yellow silk wigs.
Women wore long hairdos depending on the time and location. The steadily growing middle class typically took to simpler versions of these noble styles. Poorer ladies covered their hair and their men often cut short their hair.